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Animals and Plants

Biodiversity is the variety of life, and the processes that support it, encompassing species and their genetic variation.

Birds are the most diverse group of vertebrates in Oregon, with over 400 species known, found in all habitats across the state.

Conservation refers to preservation, protection, or restoration of the natural environment, natural ecosystems, vegetation, and wildlife. Oregon’s Conservation Strategy offers a blueprint for the state's conservation efforts.

A habitat is an ecological or environmental area which supports one or more species of animal, plant or other type of organism.

Invertebrates, which include insects, are animals without backbones. They form the largest and most diverse, and least understood animals.

Invasive species are non-native species which spread widely on their own. Many are considered to be noxious, and cause economic or environmental harm or harm to human health.

Oregon’s diverse plants include over 3,300 species of flowering plants, 35 species of conifers, and many ferns, mosses and liverworts; plus diverse seaweeds and algae.

Oregon is home to 30 species of reptiles, including turtles, lizards and snakes.  Frogs, toads, and salamanders comprise Oregon's amphibian fauna.

Ecological restoration processes recover ecosystems disturbed by human or other kinds of disturbances.

Eastern Oregon is home to over 15 million acres of Sage-Grouse habitat. The SageCon Partnership advances policies and actions that reduce threats to Sage-Grouse, sagebrush ecosystems and Oregon's rural communities. 

Seven species of salmon, all members of the scientific genus Oncorhynchus, are native to Oregon, many are currently at risk. There are about 200 species of fish found in Oregon.

"Threatened" species refers to native species likely to become endangered within the foreseeable future. "Endangered" species are any native species determined to be in danger of extinction.

Vegetation can refer to either the plants or plant communities that occupy a given area.

Wetlands are uniquely productive and valuable ecosystems with permanent or seasonal standing water. Salt marshes, pitcher-plant bogs, mountain fens, and desert saltgrass flats are just a few of the wetland types in Oregon.

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